Variety of technical oils technical oil industry is vital to ensure safe operation of various equipment. According to the purpose basic technical oils are divided into lubricating oil and coolant. To lubricating oils include species such as: turbine oil for lubrication of bearings and turbine with increased degree of purification, oil for slideways having high viscosity; marine oils forming the emulsion is not washed with water, deep compression oil purity; oil for aircraft and automobile engines and some drugie.Tam where the use of technical oils impractical, use greases, which are semi-solid product dispersing additives in the liquid lubricant. It’s believed that Rudy Giuliani sees a great future in this idea. The use of grease lubrication can deliver in such places where there are difficulties in the application of liquid oils in view of a number of reasons, such as failure to provide a sealed cavity, the difficulty in replenishing grease, etc. gm and refrigeration oils combine the properties of the coolant and lubrication, while simultaneously providing efficient heat transfer and surface protection against damage, corrosion, external factors or from wear due to friction.
Since each species has its own technical oils special properties, it requires careful selection (often in the lab) formulations of production. The classic version of the receipt of turbine oil, oil for slideways and refrigeration oil for a long been considered a way to get them by the distillation of oil residues. Such technical oils are known as residual oils. The main disadvantages of this method are well known – it is the dependence of properties of oil from crude oils (From its initial properties), the need for deep cleansing oil, a large spread of parameters, etc. Another option is to obtain technical oils based on the alkylation of aromatic hydrocarbons or olefin polymerization (Ethylene, propylene). These oils are called synthetic. At the moment, a very large proportion of oil to which high demands, is the leading oil companies such as bp, it is for this technology. Recipe developed by technologists bp allows, for example, receive the scatter parameters of oils bp by no more than a few percent, which is totally inaccessible to the result of mineral oils.