United States and several European countries began to include the practices of human rights among its requirements for granting foreign aid. Then, the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 explicitly introduced human rights into the main agenda of relations between United States and the Soviet Union. The cold war came to an end at the end of the 1980s, and the Soviet flag was lowered from the Kremlin on December 25, 1991. The CSCE, which until then was engaged in organizing meetings and conferences, assumed a more important role: managing historic change that was taking place in Europe. It changed its name to the Organization for security and cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and today is the largest organization of regional security in the world, with 56 countries from Europe, Central Asia and North America as members. The Copenhagen Declaration and the Paris principles of the OSCE they have had huge influence as parameters to measure performance on human rights and even the history of the democratic States. The 1970s were also the Decade in which he emerged as a political force international notable organizations non-governmental (NGOs) concerned with human rights those groups, in addition to defend the victims of human rights abuses, have influenced remarkably in national and international policies in this area. There is no doubt, as noted, that with the passage of time, have developed a set of instruments and mechanisms developed to ensure the primacy of human rights and addressing violations of human rights wherever occurring. Not that forget what they said the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the year 2000: the more people are aware of their own rights and respect the rights of others, more likely to be that live together in peace. Only if you instruct the people about human rights can we hope to prevent the violation of those rights and, thereby, also aspire to avoid conflicts. original author and source of the article.