At as the moment we will approach the strategy of the scarcity of the urban land that has as principal actors the real estate promoters, whom an ideology creates, that aims at the increase of the prisoner of property through the real estate speculation aiming at to extract greater possible income; this fact as we will go to only prove is viable to these social agents through the retention of the land and the stimulation to the growth I discontinue of the urban mesh. This study, therefore, it has as goal to understand the model of growth of the city of Araguana, and to discover the involved social agents in the process that generates the urban discontinuities, to evidence the lack of planning and the partner-space segregation in the urban space of Araguana. 1 _ THE PROCESS OF EXPANSION OF THE URBAN TERRITORIAL AREA OF ARAGUANA FROM THE DECADE OF ‘ ‘ 90’ ‘. Until the first half of the decade of 90, the city of Araguana was to the biggest city due to emancipation politics of the north of the old state of the Gois, current state of the Tocantins; being surpassed, later, for Palms, capital of the State; in this exactly period according to Caspar, (2002), was materialize its sovereignty in the north of the State as for the sector tertiary, especially services. Then we can affirm that the capacity to offer services is that it propitiated the population increase, and consequently, the growth of the territorial area urban Araguana being different of the majority of the Brazilian cities is not a planned city. This fact is noticed in the model of growth, materialized in the territory..
With the existence of this excess, some people had been able to dedicate to it other activities, being the city, predominantly, place of activities not-agriculturists. The city renasce, therefore of certain form, this already existed before exactly of the feudalismo, the first ones is formed for return of 3500C, at the moment at which if it knows a movement sufficiently intense of exchanges. The discoveries of America, the intensification of the commercial relations, with Asia and Africa, make to grow the cities. The city congregates a considerable number of the calls cultured professions, making possible the interchange between them, being that the creation and the transmission of the knowledge have in it privileged place. Of this form, the city is an element booster of the development and perfectioning of the techniques. The city is said, then, that place of permanent boiling.
In this transistion of the feudalismo for the capitalism, with the reinforcement of the cities (burgos), the bourgeoisie was the revolutionary classroom; it was opposed the aristocracy (detainer of lands). Some authors, between which proper Marx, affirms that, in its primrdios, the capitalism is revolutionary in the history of the humanity, therefore, among others things, increased the number of people who inhabit the cities, that have then transforming character and make the free work. New relations city-field During some centuries, field and city interacted mutually, but with the process that if it initiates with the great navigations and it is consolidated with the industrial revolution, are not more possible to be immune to the changes and to continue with the same concepts and hierarchic classifications. (p.55) New urban hierarchy the transports and the communications had known great advances in the underdeveloped countries the processes biggest are gotten, through the bus and of the automobile and the flows they can be intensified thanks to its bigger flexibility, what it could not be reached with the train, much more rigid and inflexible way.