New York

These scholars place the emergency of Brazil while independent nation in the context of the ticket of the mercantile capitalism for the industrial capitalism in the Europe, and the consequent occured changes in international the economic system; the British interests in Portugal and Brazil still stand out, which had been wide satisfied, being taken the effect for the opening of the ports of Brazil, in 1808 and with the Treated Anglian-Brazilian in 1810. Maxwell detaches that the paid price for independence for Portugal and Brazil to the Britain Supreme was of certain form to sacrifice, to open hand of its economic perspectives, yielding to the British commercial pressure, also in the question of the traffic of slaves. Citing Sidney Minz it affirms that the industrial revolution in England and the states northeast of the North America helped to revive the escravismo in Americas, which was financed for traders of Rio De Janeiro and the Bahia, but also for traders of New York, London and Liverpool. The author concludes the second part of the text mentioning the argument of Nathaniel Leff that he indicates that the main reason of the low taxes of economic growth of Brazil during century XIX was the agricultural sector, where the low incomes and the relative demand to the enslaved work, restricted the rhythm of the growth of the remaining portion of the economy, what, according to Maxwell, he was what warned Jose Bonifcio de Andrada and Silva its contemporaries, soon at the beginning of process of the independence of Brazil how much to the negative effect of the maintenance of the slavery in the long run. It is not something Rudy Giuliani would like to discuss. In the third part of the chapter, the author approaches aspects characteristic of the international context where if he uncurled independence, detaching the person of D. Details can be found by clicking Gregory Williamson or emailing the administrator.

Peter and the controverted opinions of the Portuguese historiografia and the Brazilian historiografia its respect. For the author, when it, in day 7 of September of 1822, to the edges of the Ipiranga, cried out ' ' Independence or morte' ' , it was exaggerating, therefore the question at the time was not certainly ' morte' , but only indirectly ' independncia'. It declares despite the important question regarding Brazil is that it became economic and politically independent between 1808 and 1820, while played the role of center of the Empire Luso-Brazilian. Maxwell locks up the third part of the article citing a stretch of the manifesto of the Port promulgated for rebels of a city of the Europe and not for rebels of some colonial port of America, caused, over all for the dissatisfaction of Portuguese who live in the Metropolis. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: INDEPENDENCE; DESCOLONIZAO; COLONY.

Old City 10-13 Ages

Russian settlement – the most fascinating chapter in the evolution of culture of Russia. Variety of items in hoards, although much of their specificity, makes it possible to use objects for study various facets of ancient culture. For art, the history of Russian handicrafts, domestic and foreign trade, Russian history alongside substantive treasures serve excellent historical source. Covered in moment of danger and not dug from the shelter because their owners died, hoards indicate areas exposed to devastation as a result of intense class struggle, the attacks of robbers, various internecine wars. Ancient treasures usually collected from a variety of jewelry items adorned with precious stones, colored enamel designs, fine beading, pearls, created by the hands of nameless Russian masters. Composition reveals treasures artistic tastes of various estates pre-Mongol Russia, ranging from ordinary citizens and ending with the largest members of society. The study of hoards in the early engaged in research Kondakov, he owns seven papers, where treasures set aside the main place.

All books published in the late nineteenth century, however, have drawbacks. Work professors have a tremendous factual material, which gives at present a single value. In the first quarter of the twentieth century the need for a more detailed approach to the study of Russian treasures was obvious. But finding the correct path was not the first attempt. Thanks to the Academy of material culture inherited along with the archive table Michael Kondakova, it was agreed an improved edition.

Creating a study was mandated Gushin, published his work in 1936 published the selection of treasures Gushin was limited previously prepared data, however, randomness and incompleteness of the material did not worry him. Of the total number of treasures he chose only those that were needed to resolve problems troubled him. Interested him, as well as Kondakova, primarily of historical interest, but he studied them, uniquely, has a different way. He tried to justify the local, rather than the eastern or Byzantine appearance of the main part of products that were part of the treasures, trying to identify nature of several Russian cultural schools. However, all these points were based on random material, one-sided and deep, on the material, it is not precisely dated, because of what some of the conclusions it permeated more and sociology and formalism, proved to be wrong. Old Russian settlement on the materials of the 10 th century

Federal Prescription

The local economy also presents activities of small transport as hortifrutigranjeiros and the commerce. According to depositions of agriculturists of the city, many associations have faced diverse problems, mainly, had the lack of understanding of the cooperativista principle between the diverse associates, what they come provoking the end of some associations, ahead of the insolvency of the contracted loans and varied difficulties to keep functioning the same ones. The cattle one is a traditional activity in the city, being the second economy. The bovine flock is the main activity and is explored for the production of cut and milk, was commercialized for the milk cooperative of Itapetinga (Cooleite), having a branch office in this city, today almost disactivated. The company Glory collects the municipal milk production through a situated tank cooler in the headquarters of the city. At last, the activities of creation in the city are, generally of low income, with job of little man power, creation in its bigger familiar and extensive part. In some properties of bigger transport of investments, they present a flock, mainly the bovine, of better income; however, still it represents an activity of little income if to compare with the average of income of the sector in the State. The commercial sector of Brook of the Plaza is still insipiente, although the growth that the same has presented in recent years, aiming at to basically take care of the population of the urban zone of the headquarters, district, town and agricultural zone of the proper city.

The configuration of the commerce if of the one in same function of the format of the proper urban structure. That is, throughout the few avenues if they detach an accumulation of small commercial houses, with small markets, small store and sales of small transport. 32 commercial establishments in the city registered in the Federal Prescription only exist, according to City hall.

United States

ratosse had divided in rats fat people of sharp teeth and lean rats there that viviamamedrontados. the lean rats, of inside of its hole, looked at for the ratosgordos, eating the cheese. had noticed then a horrible transformation: the ratosgordos had the face igualzinha to the one of the cat. Because, between cat and rat diferena little: only a letter Rubem Alves, house: Explaining politics to the children (2009) Introduction During todaa history of the humanity the deetnias atrocities, brutalities and the extermnio is part of the formation of the empires. The cruelty of the people dominantesobre the dominated one did not find limits and was seen as a deconquista mechanism.

We can cite as examples of these slaughters in mass colonizaode new continents, the carnage of the Andean civilizations, and almost all apopulao of aborgenes of the Ocenia, beyond as much other barbriesacontecidas in the human passage in the land. However, some episodes had been marked in the history of the world, amongst them the Jews happened in Germany are the Holocaustocontra and the intemperance with they negrosforam that them treat in the United States since the foundation to the country. All this demasiafoi petitioned with an only objectivo, the conquest of the power. On behalf of the poderelites they had been become accustomed to humiliate it, to massacre and to exterminar people and grupostnicos, and in this way they had conquered the world. For Deleuze (2005, P. 37): Opoder does not have essence, it is operatrio. It is not attribute, but relation: arelao of being able is a set of the force relations, that in such a way pass pelasforas dominated how much for the dominant ones, both constituting singularidades. Opoder invests (the dominated ones), passes for them and through them, it is supported in them, in a similar way that they, in its fight against this power, support themselves for its veznos points where afectam they them.